China valve industry to gradually improve the international status
Obviously, there are gaps and problems is not terrible, as long as we adjust development train of thought, strengthen the confidence of development, strengthening enterprise management, advance technical progress, pay attention to technology innovation and core technology research and development, improve the core competitiveness of enterprises. In the near future, China's valve key enterprises must be able to catch up with and surpass the similar foreign enterprises, for the major national technology and equipment of domestic made contribution, valves in the world competition in the market occupies a certain share, and become the world's manufacturing power.
The domestic valve enterprises lack of technological innovation
As the valve in the production of casting, forging, welding necessary, electroplating, pickling and impact to the environment, in the environmental protection investment is large, so in recent years, developed countries have the labor-intensive production of valves, especially in developing countries such as China moved to universal valve. They are usually to developing countries purchased comply with standard requirements of valve products, and then sold in developing countries and the developed countries. Or in the developing countries do individual proprietorship or joint venture, product line sales. Seek truth from facts that, in the developed country industry transfer, China's enterprises of the valve or get many benefits.
Many enterprises have obtained ISO9001 quality management system certification and API certification, some enterprises have obtained CE safety certification ec. At the same time, many of our valve business has been fully capable of producing API standard gate valve, globe valve, check valve, ball valve, butterfly valve and other products, product quality can fully meet the ISO5208: 1993 quality standard requirements. China 's valve products and exports increased year by year. Take the recent years, in 2001 the export value of 380000000 U.S. dollars, in 2002 the export value of 430000000 U.S. dollars, in 2004 the export value of 656000000 U.S. dollars, visible export situation is very good.
More delectable is, industry of our country valve for manufacturers to set up factories abroad, such as the Suzhou valve factory in Iran plant. There are manufacturers in foreign offices, such as the Zhejiang founder valve plant in Singapore, Holland, with offices in Italy, the production of valves, almost all sold abroad. At present, our valve has been exported to the United States, Canada, Germany, Italy and other 30 countries and regions, has entered the world market of China valve, valve outlet valves in the world export of China ranked eleventh or so.
However, despite the overwhelming domestic valve products from abroad, in the international valve market Chinese enterprises still have no voice. Price was said to calculate, rules and others say. Developed from China's purchase of extremely low valves, then increase to developing countries, they also bought deli. While the domestic enterprises can only act as a part-time role.
The domestic valve market opportunity and challenge coexist
Is the international valve market is not enough for us? Apparently not. Reportedly, the Middle East as the world's most important oil production and export of all countries in the region, to increase the oil production, but also to increase the oil exploitation and investment. The next few years in North Kuwait 's largest oil and gas development projects currently in progress; Qatar will build the world's largest liquefied natural gas processing plant products; United Arab Emirates plans through the construction of large project, is expected to raise crude oil yield, crude oil production will be more than 3000000 barrels; Abu Dhabi National oil company plans in the next 5 years on a number of projects with an investment of $1500000000, of which 40% is used for the petroleum industry ... ... Each project requirement is the largest valve products. On the other hand, because of the Middle East, Iraq oil field, pipeline destroyed badly, need to import oil system and pipeline valve gate valve, gate valve, including API, cut-off valve, check valve, pipeline plate valve and ball valve. These are the domestic valve manufacturers main products, is our strength. Why don't we grab your own doing this business
China international position rises stage by stage valve
In fact, as long as the understanding to the needs of the market, the domestic valve enterprises to become the international market dominated big advantage. As long as the proper way, we can be our own station to market front, as the leading role of the market.
Also as a sole proprietorship. A sole proprietorship is refers to the enterprise independent in foreign countries set up production plants. It can be augmented by the direct acquisition of existing local enterprises, can also create a new enterprise. Owned enterprises advantages of profit can be exclusive, can get more experience in international marketing and market opportunities, the parent company of overseas subsidiaries have complete management right and control right. Defect is investment big, risk is big, many uncertain factors.
Foreign direct investment. Foreign direct investment refers to the actual possession and control of foreign enterprises, directly involved in its management. From the equity point of view, it has two different forms, such as joint ventures. A joint venture is refers to the enterprise in the foreign markets with local enterprises jointly invest in a business. A joint venture can be purchased through the local enterprises equity or jointly funded a new company. A joint venture has the advantage of larger gains, enterprises for marketing and production have control and can get market information feedback. Disadvantages are partners often due to production, marketing has different view and contradictory.
Exit. Including the export of export and indirect export. Direct export is refers to the enterprise the direct product sales in the international market. It also has two ways: one is through foreign middleman, sold in the local market. Two is in foreign enterprises to set up their own sales organizations, products are sold to local customers directly. Indirect export is refers to the enterprise through domestic intermediaries export their products. The exit is one of the most simple choice, it requires neither allied merchandiser, and does not require a large amount of capital investment, and strong flexibility, less risk. But the disadvantage is also very obvious, namely the enterprise cannot directly participate in the international sales activities, to export market out of control, market information feedback is limited, to changes in the market to make timely adjustments.
License trade. Licensing by licensing to grant Licensee has the commercial value to the right or technology, including trademarks, patents, proprietary technology and so on the use right. The domestic valve enterprises because of the lack of management experience, famous brand and unique technology, the way of not much use. But it is also a development direction, can urge the enterprise to cultivate their own brand and development of technologies with independent intellectual property rights.